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American English Spelling

American English Spelling PDF

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Author: D. W. Cummings
Publisher: JHU Press
ISBN: 9780801834431
Size: 40.30 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : un
Pages : 555
View: 3529

Book Description: In this study of the English language as it is spelled in America, D. W. Cummings demonstrates that behind the apparent disorder of spelling in American English lies a self-regulating and self-reorganizing system that is responsive to four kinds of imperative: phonetic, semantic, etymological, and systemic. Cummings offers a systematic theory of orthography and applies this theory to the American English vocabulary with numerous examples. Cummings also describes the explication of written words into their elements, particles, and processes, and he sets out the tactical and procedural rules that control the distribution and sequencing of vowels and consonants. In the largest section of the book, he provides an exhaustive description of the major and minor correspondences between the sounds of American English words and their spellings. An essential reference work, American English Spelling moves beyond questions of how words are spelled to an understanding of why they are spelled as they are.


The American Way Of Spelling

The American Way of Spelling PDF

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Author: Richard L. Venezky
Publisher: Guilford Press
ISBN: 9781572304697
Size: 14.56 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : un
Pages : 288
View: 4734

Book Description: Can ghoti really be pronounced fish? Why is "o" short in glove and love, but long in rove and cove? Why do English words carry such extra baggage as the silent "b" in doubt, the silent "k" in knee, and the silent "n" in autumn? And why do names like Phabulous Phoods and Hi-Ener-G stand out? Addressing these and many other questions about letters and the sounds they make, this engaging volume provides a comprehensive analysis of American English spelling and pronunciation. Venezky illuminates the fully functional system underlying what can at times be a bewildering array of exceptions, focusing on the basic units that serve to signal word form or pronunciation, where these units can occur within words, and how they relate to sound. Also examined are how our current spelling system has developed, efforts to reform it, and ways that spelling rules or patterns are violated in commercial usage. From one of the world's foremost orthographic authorities, the book affords new insight into the teaching of reading and the acquisition and processing of spelling sound relationships.


Spotlight On Standard American English And Standard British English

Spotlight on Standard American English and Standard British English PDF

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Author: Thomas Schachtebeck
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 3640804090
Size: 66.36 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Foreign Language Study
Languages : un
Pages : 13
View: 7270

Book Description: Seminar paper from the year 2007 in the subject English - Grammar, Style, Working Technique, grade: 1,3, Free University of Berlin (Fachbereich Englisch), course: Sociolinguistics and Varieties of English II , language: English, abstract: Throughout the 20th century, Standard British English (hereafter BrE) and Standard American English (hereafter AmE) made up the two ‘reference varieties’ of the English language. Even today - in the 21st century – BrE and AmE represent “a large proportion of all native speakers of English (83 per cent)” [Svartvik & Leech 2006: 150] in the world. The reason why these two varieties have aquired such a prestigious position among many other varieties of English is that in Great Britain and in the United States - two of the most influential nations of the 20th century in terms of political power and economical strength – “English has been institutionalised longer than anywhere else” [Cheshire 1991: 13]. Consequently, BrE and AmE “provided the chief native-speaker models which non-native speaking teachers of English” [Svartvik & Leech 2006: 150] aim to instil. Although both ‘reference varieties’ of English seem to be very much the same at first sight, “British and American English undoubtedly are different, and Englishmen and Americans undoubtedly know it.” [Partridge & Clark 1951: 308]. Closer investigations reveal that AmE is different from BrE at levels of phonetics, phonology, grammar, lexis and spelling. Whereas the fields of pronunciation and lexis definitely share the most prominent and numerous differences between AmE and BrE, the field of spelling shows only a couple of minor differences. Today, the vast majority of English lexis is spelled the same in AmE and BrE. However - to a certain extent - there are some characteristic spelling differences between AmE and BrE which many learners of English are not well familiar with. In the following, this paper concentrates on pointing out the major differences in spelling between contemporary AmE and BrE since this linguistic field of interest is very strongly related to the different historical and political developments America and Great Britain went through. Therefore, this paper will first work out some historical reasons for the development of spelling differences between the two ‘reference varieties’ and highlight America’s most influential attempts to standardise American spelling. Afterwards, it will give a detailed overview about the most prominent and common spelling differences between AmE and BrE by categorising them into three major groups and providing a couple of examples for each group, and finally, this paper will briefly reflect on the situation of AmE and BrE in the world today.


Handbook Of American English Spelling

Handbook of American English Spelling PDF

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Author: Lee C. Deighton
Publisher: Harcourt
ISBN: 9780156386722
Size: 46.15 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 260
View: 2169

Book Description:


Teaching American English Pronunciation Oxford Handbooks For Language Teachers

Teaching American English Pronunciation   Oxford Handbooks for Language Teachers PDF

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Author: Susan Ehrlich
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0194342689
Size: 48.98 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Study Aids
Languages : en
Pages : 270
View: 1791

Book Description: As an ESL teacher, have you looked at the phonetics textbooks on the market and decided that they don't directly address your needs? Unlike pronunciation books aimed at students of linguistics or at learners of English, Teaching American English Pronunciation has been written specifically for ESL teachers. It doesn't only give academic descriptions, but also helps you to improve your students' pronunciation effectively.


American English Phonetics And Pronunciation Practice

American English Phonetics and Pronunciation Practice PDF

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Author: Paul Carley
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0429960263
Size: 16.18 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : un
Pages : 254
View: 4618

Book Description: American English Phonetics and Pronunciation Practice provides an accessible introduction to basic articulatory phonetics for students of American English. Built around an extensive collection of practice materials, this book teaches the pronunciation of modern standard American English to intermediate and advanced learners worldwide. This book: • provides an up-to-date description of the pronunciation of modern American English; • demonstrates the use of each English phoneme with a selection of high-frequency words, both alone and in context in sentences, idiomatic phrases and dialogues; • provides examples and practice material on commonly confused sounds, including illustrative pronunciation diagrams; • is supported by a companion website featuring complete audio recordings of practice material to check your pronunciation against; • can be used not only for studying pronunciation in the classroom but also for independent practice. American English Phonetics and Pronunciation Practice is essential reading for any student studying this topic.


British And American English

British and American English PDF

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Author: Peter Strevens
Publisher: Macmillan Publishing Company
ISBN:
Size: 26.49 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : un
Pages : 104
View: 2126

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Teaching American English Pronunciation

Teaching American English Pronunciation PDF

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Author:
Publisher: Routledgefalmer (UK)
ISBN: 9780194328159
Size: 13.25 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Foreign Language Study
Languages : un
Pages : 254
View: 3975

Book Description: Provides a clear, thorough description of the sound system of English Includes practical ideas for overcoming common pronunciation problems Looks at the specific problems that speakers of fifteen different languages have when speaking English Describes a number of classroom techniques to help improve pupils' pronunciation written by leading classroom practitioners Suitable for both trainee ESL teachers on Master's TESOL courses and for new and experienced practising teachers