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Ancient And Medieval Theories Of Intentionality

Ancient and Medieval Theories of Intentionality PDF

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Author: Dominik Perler
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9789004122956
Size: 54.39 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 347
View: 5392

Book Description: This volume analyses ancient and medieval theories of intentionality in various contexts: perception, imagination, and intellectual thinking. It sheds new light on classical theories (e.g. by Aristotle and Thomas Aquinas) and examines neglected sources, both Greek and Latin. It includes contributions by J. Biard, M. Burnyeat, V. Caston, D. Frede, R. Gaskin, E. Karger, C. Michon, D. O'Meara, C. Panaccio, R. Pasnau, D. Perler, Ch. Rapp, P. Simons, R. Sorabji, and H. Weidemann.


Thomas Aquinas On The Immateriality Of The Human Intellect

Thomas Aquinas on the Immateriality of the Human Intellect PDF

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Author: Adam Wood
Publisher: Catholic University of America Press
ISBN: 0813232562
Size: 74.85 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 334
View: 3189

Book Description: The chief aims of Thomas Aquinas on the Immateriality of the Human Intellect are to provide a comprehensive interpretation of Aquinas's oft-repeated claim that the human intellect is immaterial, and to assess his arguments on behalf of this claim. Adam Wood argues that Aquinas's claim refers primarily to the mode in which the human intellect has its act of being. That the human intellect has an immaterial mode of being, however, crucially underwrites Aquinas's additional views that the human soul is subsistent and incorruptible. To show how it does so, Wood argues that the human intellect's immateriality can also be put in terms of the impossibility of explaining its operations in terms of coordination between bodily parts, states and processes. Aquinas's arguments for the human intellect's immateriality, therefore, can be understood as attempts to show why intellectual operations cannot be explained in bodily terms. The book argues that not all of them succeed in this aim and also proposes, however, a novel interpretation of Aquinas's argument based on human intellect's universal mode of cognition that may indeed be sound. Wood concludes by considering the ramifications of Aquinas's position on matters pertaining to the afterlife. Thomas Aquinas on the Immateriality of the Human Intellect represents the first book-length examination of Aquinas's claim that the human intellect is immaterial, and so — given the centrality of this claim to his thought — should interest any scholars interested in understanding Thomas. While it focuses throughout on careful attention to Aquinas's texts along with the relevant secondary literature, it also positions Thomas's thought alongside recent developments in metaphysics and philosophy of mind. Hence it should also interest historically-minded metaphysicians interested in understanding how Thomas's hylomorphism intersects with recent work in hylomorphic metaphysics, philosophers of mind interested in understanding how Thomas's philosophical psychology relates to contemporary forms of dualism, physicalism and emergentism, and philosophers of religion interested in the possibility of the resurrection.


Oxford Handbook Of Epicurus And Epicureanism

Oxford Handbook of Epicurus and Epicureanism PDF

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Author: Phillip Mitsis
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0199744211
Size: 64.42 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 848
View: 6227

Book Description: The ancient Greek philosopher Epicurus (341-270 BCE), though often despised for his materialism, hedonism, and denial of the immortality of the soul during many periods of history, has at the same time been a source of inspiration to figures as diverse as Vergil, Hobbes, Thomas Jefferson, and Bentham. This volume offers authoritative discussions of all aspects of Epicurus's philosophy and then traces out some of its most important subsequent influences throughout the Western intellectual tradition. Such a detailed and comprehensive study of Epicureanism is especially timely given the tremendous current revival of interest in Epicurus and his rivals, the Stoics. The thirty-one contributions in this volume offer an unmatched resource for all those wishing to deepen their knowledge of Epicurus' powerful arguments about happiness, death, and the nature of the material world and our place in it. At the same time, his arguments are carefully placed in the context of ancient and subsequent disputes, thus offering readers the opportunity of measuring Epicurean arguments against a wide range of opponents--from Platonists, Aristotelians and Stoics, to Hegel and Nietzsche, and finally on to such important contemporary philosophers as Thomas Nagel and Bernard Williams. The volume offers separate and detailed discussions of two fascinating and ongoing sources of Epicurean arguments, the Herculaneum papyri and the inscription of Diogenes of Oenoanda. Our understanding of Epicureanism is continually being enriched by these new sources of evidence and the contributors to this volume have been able to make use of them in presenting the most current understanding of Epicurus's own views. By the same token, the second half of the volume is devoted to the extraordinary influence of Epicurean doctrines, often either neglected or misunderstood, in literature, political thinking, scientific innovation, personal conceptions of freedom and happiness, and in philosophy generally. Taken together, the contributions in this volume offer the most comprehensive and detailed account of Epicurus and Epicureanism available in English.


Teleology

Teleology PDF

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Author: Jeffrey K. McDonough
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0190845716
Size: 51.22 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 320
View: 6705

Book Description: "Teleology is the belief that some things happen, or exist, for the sake of other things. It is the belief that, for example, eyes are for seeing and gills are for breathing. It is the belief that people go to the cinema in order to see films and that salmon swim upstream in order to spawn. The core idea of teleology is thus intuitive enough. Nonetheless, difficult questions arise as we dig deeper into the concept. Is teleology intrinsic or extrinsic-that is, is teleology inherent in its subjects or is it imposed on them from the outside? Does teleology necessarily involve intentionality-that is, does teleology necessarily involve a subject's cognizing some end, goal, or purpose? What is the scope of teleology-is the concept of teleology, for example, applicable to elements and animals, or only to rational beings? Finally, is teleology explanatory? When we say that salmon swim upstream in order to spawn have we explained why they swim upstream? When we say that eyes are for seeing, have we explained why we have eyes? This volume explores the development of the concept of teleology from ancient times to the present. It begins in the Golden Age of Ancient Greece with Plato and Aristotle, winds its way through Islamic, Latin, and Jewish medieval traditions, passes into treatments by leading figures of the scientific revolution and European Enlightenment, and finishes with current debates in contemporary philosophy of biology. Chapter discussions of key figures, traditions and contexts are enlivened and contextualized by a series of intermittent reflections on the implications of teleology in medicine, art, poetry and music"--


Descartes S Theory Of Action

Descartes s Theory of Action PDF

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Author: Anne Ashley Davenport
Publisher: Brill's Studies in Intellectua
ISBN:
Size: 68.94 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 305
View: 5716

Book Description: This volume reexamines Descartes's Meditations to argue that his fundamental discovery is not the epistemological subject, but rather the underlying free agent without whom no epistemological subject is possible. Special attention is paid to the historical context of Descartes's theory of action.


Plotinus On Self

Plotinus on Self PDF

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Author: Pauliina Remes
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 44.80 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 287
View: 210

Book Description: This text examines Plotinus' conceptualisation of two selfhoods - corporeal and rational, their interrelations and implications for living.


Encyclopedia Of Philosophy

Encyclopedia of Philosophy PDF

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Author: Donald M. Borchert
Publisher: Thomson Gale/MacMillan Reference USA
ISBN: 9780028657899
Size: 51.95 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Electronic books
Languages : en
Pages : 889
View: 7017

Book Description: This volume, covering entries from "Shaftesbury, Third Earl of" to "Zubiri, Xavier," presents articles on Eastern and Western philosophies, medical and scientific ethics, the Holocaust, terrorism, censorship, biographical entries, and much more.


Existentia

Existentia PDF

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Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 53.33 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages :
View: 899

Book Description:


Archiv F R Geschichte Der Philosophie

Archiv f  r Geschichte der Philosophie PDF

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Author: Arthur Stein
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 15.72 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages :
View: 120

Book Description: Vols. 1-23 (1888-1910) include "Jahresberichte über sämtliche Erscheinungen auf dem Gebiete der Geschichte der Philosophie"; v. 24-41 include section "Die neuesten Erscheinungen auf dem Gebiete der Geschichte der Philosophie" (varies slightly)


Archiv F R Geschichte Der Philosophie

Archiv f  r Geschichte der Philosophie PDF

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Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 36.62 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages :
View: 2305

Book Description: Vols. 1-23 (1888-1910) include "Jahresberichte über sämtliche Erscheinungen auf dem Gebiete der Geschichte der Philosophie"; v.24-41 include section "Die neuesten Erscheinungen auf dem Gebiete der Geschichte der Philosophie" (varies slightly)