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Employment And The Urban Poor

Employment and the Urban Poor PDF

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Author: Alice E. Trost
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 9780815326748
Size: 20.47 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 143
View: 3801

Book Description: This book examines the impact on earnings and employment for inner city males resulting from the movement of manufacturing firms out of cities into suburban and rural settings, over the past several decades. The relocation of manufacturing employment has virtually eliminated the access of central city, low-skill workers to secure employment with benefits and room for advancement. However, demographic analysis reveals that low-skill workers have remained highly concentrated in inner cities even though low-skill jobs have moved outward in metropolitan areas. Economic theory has led many economists to believe that inner city workers are not interested in suburban employment because they do not move to the suburban This book develops a new economic model that incorporates the unique difficulties faced by low income households which limits their ability to move to suburban locations. The model is used to make predictions about the impact on earnings and unemployment rates as job opportunities move to the suburbs. Multivariate regressions are used to test the theory in a cross- sectional analysis of the fifty largest metropolitan areas in the United States. The findings indicate that differences between the location of low income neighborhoods and the location of low-skill employment have significantly increased inner city unemployment rates over the past several decades (Ph.D. Dissertation, State University of new York at Binghamton, 1995; revised with new preface and index)


Poverty And The Underclass

Poverty and the Underclass PDF

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Author: William A. Kelso
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 0814749003
Size: 24.63 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 352
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Book Description: The much-heralded War on Poverty has failed. The number of children living in poverty is steadily on the rise and an increasingly destructive underclass brutalizes urban neighborhoods. America's patience with the poor seems to have run out: even cities that have traditionally been havens for the homeless are arresting, harassing, and expelling their street people. In this timely work, William Kelso analyzes how the persistence of poverty has resulted in a reversal of liberal and conservative positions during the last thirty years. While liberals in the 1960s hoped to eliminate the causes of poverty, today they increasingly seem resigned to merely treating its effects. The original liberal objective of giving the poor a helping hand by promoting equal opportunity has given way to a new agenda of entitlements and equal results. In contrast, conservatives who once suggested that trying to eliminate poverty was futile, now seek ways to eradicate the actual causes of poverty. Poverty and the Underclass suggests that the arguments of both the left and right are misguided and offers new explanations for the persistence of poverty. Looking beyond the codewords that have come to obscure the debate—underclass, family values, the culture of poverty,—Kelso emphasizes that poverty is not a monolithic condition, but a vast and multidimensional problem. During his Presidential campaign, Bill Clinton called for an overhaul of the welfare system and spoke of a new covenant to unite both the left and right in developing a common agenda for fighting poverty. In this urgent, landmark work, William Kelso merges conservative, radical, and liberal ideals to suggest how the intractable problem of poverty may be solved at long last by implementing the principles of this new covenant.


The Urban Informal Sector In Asia

The Urban Informal Sector in Asia PDF

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Author: S. V. Sethuraman
Publisher: International Labour Organization
ISBN: 9789221082590
Size: 44.49 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 161
View: 7724

Book Description: An annotated bibliography which brings together about 240 recent titles on the urban informal sector in Asia, an area of high employment and rapid growth. Arranged thematically, it covers training, women, labour market, urban poverty, working conditions and economic growth.


Poverty And Policy In Latin America And The Caribbean

Poverty and Policy in Latin America and the Caribbean PDF

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Author: Quentin Wodon
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 9780821347546
Size: 34.33 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 138
View: 1888

Book Description: Although the progress toward poverty reduction remains sluggish, other dimensions of social welfare in the Latin American and Caribbean (LAC) region show signs of improvement. Adult literacy and school enrollment rates, life expectancy at birth, and the amount of access to safe water are increasing. Nutrition indicators are also improving. However, other factors demonstrate that many problems persist, especially the inequality between rich and poor. This report analyzes the evolution of poverty and inequality in the LAC region from 1986 to 1996 with projections to 1998. It reviews the policies which have been advocated or implemented to reduce poverty. The report combines the results of new empirical work using household surveys from 12 countries, short theoretical developments, and a review of the literature on issues related to poverty, inequality, and social policy in LAC. Some of the theoretical developments introduce new research techniques. Chapters three to six follow the framework proposed in the forthcoming 'World Development Report 2000-2001'. The framework identifies three essential elements for poverty reduction. Those elements include opportunities for the poor and investments in the human capital of the poor, security through social safety nets, and empowerment.


The State Of Pacific Towns And Cities

The State of Pacific Towns and Cities PDF

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Author: Asian Development Bank
Publisher: Asian Development Bank
ISBN: 9290928719
Size: 64.38 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 153
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Book Description: This report investigates urbanization trends across the 14 Pacific developing member countries of the Asian Development Bank. It examines the history of Pacific urbanization, current state of infrastructure and service provision within urban areas, and systems of urban governance. It presents key actions that Pacific countries need to take to manage urban growth, to meet the needs of their urban citizens, and to benefit from the potential of the urban economy.


Urban Livelihoods

Urban Livelihoods PDF

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Author: Carole Rakodi
Publisher: Earthscan
ISBN: 1849773807
Size: 18.88 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Architecture
Languages : en
Pages : 288
View: 3584

Book Description: One of the most promising approaches to poverty reduction in developing countries is to encourage sustainable livelihoods for the poor. This takes account of their opportunities and assets and the sources of their vulnerability. Based on recent and extensive research, this volume thoroughly assesses the value of the livelihoods approach to urban poverty. The book reviews the situation and strategies of the urban poor and identifies the policies and practical programmes that work best. Lasting improvements depend not just on economic development, but on political commitment and structures that are responsive to the claims and needs of different groups of poor people.


Peace Prosperity And Democracy At The Cutting Edge

Peace  Prosperity  and Democracy at the Cutting Edge PDF

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Author: Stuart S. Nagel
Publisher: Nova Publishers
ISBN: 9781590332054
Size: 20.45 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 146
View: 965

Book Description: Selection of essays studying the impact of policy on peace, prosperity, and democracy.


Report On Conditions Of Work And Promotion Of Livelihoods In The Unorganised Sector

Report on Conditions of Work and Promotion of Livelihoods in the Unorganised Sector PDF

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Author: India. National Commission for Enterprises in the Unorganised Sector
Publisher: Academic Foundation
ISBN: 9788171886784
Size: 74.18 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 376
View: 344

Book Description: Concentrating on the informal sector of the economy—which accounts for an overwhelming proportion of the poor and vulnerable population in India—and their working environments, this analysis is based on the latest information from the 61st round of the National Sample Survey 2004–2005. Combining those results with supplemental data, this account proposes two comprehensive bills as well as a number of measures to ensure minimum work conditions and promotions of livelihoods for both the agricultural and nonagricultural laborers. This publication also includes a CD-ROM comprising three other reports from the commission: Social Security for Unorganised Workers, National Policy on Urban Street Vendors, and Comprehensive Legislation for Minimum Conditions of Work.