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Enhancing Food Safety

Enhancing Food Safety PDF

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Author: National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 9780309163583
Size: 56.91 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 588
View: 6530

Book Description: Recent outbreaks of illnesses traced to contaminated sprouts and lettuce illustrate the holes that exist in the system for monitoring problems and preventing foodborne diseases. Although it is not solely responsible for ensuring the safety of the nation's food supply, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) oversees monitoring and intervention for 80 percent of the food supply. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration's abilities to discover potential threats to food safety and prevent outbreaks of foodborne illness are hampered by impediments to efficient use of its limited resources and a piecemeal approach to gathering and using information on risks. Enhancing Food Safety: The Role of the Food and Drug Administration, a new book from the Institute of Medicine and the National Research Council, responds to a congressional request for recommendations on how to close gaps in FDA's food safety systems. Enhancing Food Safety begins with a brief review of the Food Protection Plan (FPP), FDA's food safety philosophy developed in 2007. The lack of sufficient detail and specific strategies in the FPP renders it ineffectual. The book stresses the need for FPP to evolve and be supported by the type of strategic planning described in these pages. It also explores the development and implementation of a stronger, more effective food safety system built on a risk-based approach to food safety management. Conclusions and recommendations include adopting a risk-based decision-making approach to food safety; creating a data surveillance and research infrastructure; integrating federal, state, and local government food safety programs; enhancing efficiency of inspections; and more. Although food safety is the responsibility of everyone, from producers to consumers, the FDA and other regulatory agencies have an essential role. In many instances, the FDA must carry out this responsibility against a backdrop of multiple stakeholder interests, inadequate resources, and competing priorities. Of interest to the food production industry, consumer advocacy groups, health care professionals, and others, Enhancing Food Safety provides the FDA and Congress with a course of action that will enable the agency to become more efficient and effective in carrying out its food safety mission in a rapidly changing world.


Enhancing Food Safety And Productivity Electronic Resource Technology Use In The Canadian Food Processing Industry

Enhancing Food Safety and Productivity  electronic Resource    Technology Use in the Canadian Food Processing Industry PDF

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Author: John Russel Baldwin
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780662301639
Size: 32.72 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Food
Languages : en
Pages : 59
View: 2226

Book Description: This paper examines the factors contributing to the adoption of advanced technologies in the Canadian food-processing sector. The numbers of technologies used by plant is found to be highly correlated with expected gains in firm performance. The benefits of enhanced food safety and quality, as well as productivity improvements, are closely associated with technology use. Impediments that negatively affect technology use include software costs, problems with external financing, lack of cash flow for financing, and internal management problems. Even after accounting for the different benefits and costs associated with technology adoption, the numbers of advanced technologies that are adopted are found to be greater in larger plants, in foreign-controlled plants, in plants that engage in both primary and secondary processing, and in the dairy, fruit and vegetable and "other" food product industries.


Food Safety Enhancement Act Of 2009 Discussion Draft

Food Safety Enhancement Act of 2009 Discussion Draft PDF

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Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Energy and Commerce. Subcommittee on Health
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 28.72 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Food adulteration and inspection
Languages : en
Pages : 189
View: 3449

Book Description:


Improving Food Safety Through A One Health Approach

Improving Food Safety Through a One Health Approach PDF

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Author: Institute of Medicine
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309259339
Size: 42.56 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 418
View: 786

Book Description: Globalization of the food supply has created conditions favorable for the emergence, reemergence, and spread of food-borne pathogens-compounding the challenge of anticipating, detecting, and effectively responding to food-borne threats to health. In the United States, food-borne agents affect 1 out of 6 individuals and cause approximately 48 million illnesses, 128,000 hospitalizations, and 3,000 deaths each year. This figure likely represents just the tip of the iceberg, because it fails to account for the broad array of food-borne illnesses or for their wide-ranging repercussions for consumers, government, and the food industry-both domestically and internationally. A One Health approach to food safety may hold the promise of harnessing and integrating the expertise and resources from across the spectrum of multiple health domains including the human and veterinary medical and plant pathology communities with those of the wildlife and aquatic health and ecology communities. The IOM's Forum on Microbial Threats hosted a public workshop on December 13 and 14, 2011 that examined issues critical to the protection of the nation's food supply. The workshop explored existing knowledge and unanswered questions on the nature and extent of food-borne threats to health. Participants discussed the globalization of the U.S. food supply and the burden of illness associated with foodborne threats to health; considered the spectrum of food-borne threats as well as illustrative case studies; reviewed existing research, policies, and practices to prevent and mitigate foodborne threats; and, identified opportunities to reduce future threats to the nation's food supply through the use of a "One Health" approach to food safety. Improving Food Safety Through a One Health Approach: Workshop Summary covers the events of the workshop and explains the recommendations for future related workshops.


Food Safety For Farmers Markets A Guide To Enhancing Safety Of Local Foods

Food Safety for Farmers Markets  A Guide to Enhancing Safety of Local Foods PDF

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Author: Judy A. Harrison
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783319883021
Size: 61.66 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 170
View: 3287

Book Description: This book describes practices used on farms and in farmers markets selling foods directly to consumers in U.S. and international markets. It identifies hazards associated with those practices that could put consumers at increased risk for foodborne illness. It also provides tools for identifying hazards on farms and in markets and guidance for establishing food-safe markets. The local food movement, inspired by initiatives such as the USDA’s “Know Your Farmer, Know Your Food”; “Farm to School”; “Farm to Pre-school”; and “The People’s Garden”, is sweeping the country. Nowhere is this interest more evident than at farmers markets. The number of farmers markets has increased almost 400% since the early 1990s, with over 8,600 farmers markets listed in the USDA’s market directory in 2016. Many of the customers for local markets are senior adults, people who may have health concerns, and mothers with young children shopping for foods they perceive to be healthier and safer than those available in grocery stores. This means that many of the customers may be in population groups that are most at risk for foodborne illness and the serious complications that can result. In surveys, however, farmers selling directly to consumers self-reported practices that could increase risk for foodborne illnesses. These included use of raw manure as fertilizer without appropriate waiting periods between application and harvest, as outlined in the National Organic Program, a lack of sanitation training for farm workers handling produce, a lack of proper cleaning and sanitizing of surfaces that come in contact with produce, and use of untested surface water for rinsing produce before taking it to market. Surveys of market managers found that many had limited experience and most had no food safety plans for their markets. Observational studies in markets have corroborated self-reported practices that could increase foodborne illness risks, including lack of handwashing, lack of access to well-maintained toilet and handwashing facilities, use of materials that cannot be cleaned and sanitized appropriately, and lack of temperature control for foods that must have time and temperature controlled for safety. These potential food safety risks are not only seen in U.S. farmers markets, but also have been identified in international markets. This book is unique in that it provides evidence-based information about food safety hazards and potential risks associated with farmers markets. It presents an overview of farm and market practices and offers guidance for enhancing food safety on farms and in markets for educators, farmers, producers, vendors and market managers. Dr. Judy A. Harrison is a Professor in the Department of Foods and Nutrition at the University of Georgia (UGA) where she has been named a Walter Bernard Hill Fellow for distinguished achievement in public service and outreach. Serving as a food safety specialist for UGA Cooperative Extension, she has provided 25 years of food safety education for a variety of audiences across the food system.


Food Safety Issues In The Developing World

Food Safety Issues in the Developing World PDF

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Author: Laurian Unnevehr
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 9780821347706
Size: 59.49 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 72
View: 6718

Book Description: Food safety is receiving more attention worldwide with the rising incidence of foodborne disease, concern over new potential hazards, and growth in agricultural trade. Investments to improve food safety in developing countries can reduce the burden of disease and remove the barriers to fresh food product exports, providing another source of income for the rural sector. International disputes over sanitary and phytosanitary (SPS) measures influence the ability of developing countries to compete in export markets. These countries need to evaluate their interest in the SPS agreement under the World Trade Organisation (WTO); participate more fully in international agencies responsible for harmonisation; develop the capacity to assess equivalence for process standards, which are increasingly used for fresh food products; and resist the imposition of inappropriate standards.


Food Safety Regulation Concerns And Trade

Food Safety Regulation Concerns and Trade PDF

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Author: Rajesh Mehta
Publisher: MacMillan India
ISBN:
Size: 31.87 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Food
Languages : en
Pages : 188
View: 1308

Book Description: Food Safety Regulation Concerns and Trade discusses international food safety regulation issues which have become a major source of friction in international trade. The procedures for settlement of dispute have been identified as key items on the World Tr


Food Safety Assurance In The Pre Harvest Phase

Food safety assurance in the pre harvest phase PDF

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Author: Frans J.M. Smulders
Publisher: Wageningen Academic Publishers
ISBN: 9076998051
Size: 78.77 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Food
Languages : en
Pages : 400
View: 6775

Book Description: A considerable number of pre-harvest factors jeopardise the safety of foods of animal origin. These include factors related to the food animal environment (industrial activity in the immediate production surroundings leading to microbiological or chemical contamination), epidemiological factors resulting from intrinsic characteristics of classical and emerging microorganisms, an increasing degree of chemical pollution, husbandry / harvesting practices (particularly associated with animal feed), and veterinary activities introducing antibiotic resistancy of foodborne pathogens. All of these areas are addressed in this publication by scientists of worldwide repute and affiliated with both Academia and Industry. The involvement of Public Health strategians representing two most powerful tradeblocks (EU and USA) will be extremely important for the scientific community involved in Food Safety Assurance research, as the policies currently set out will inherently have severe impact on associated research strategies in the next decade.


Animal Production Food Safety Challenges In Global Markets

Animal Production Food Safety Challenges in Global Markets PDF

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Author: S. A. Slorach
Publisher: Office International Des Epizooties
ISBN:
Size: 58.17 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Nature
Languages : en
Pages : 395
View: 3798

Book Description: Description des dangers susceptibles de survenir dans les élevages et pouvant menacer la sécurité sanitaire des aliments d'origine animale (maladies infectieuses, résidus de médicaments ...). Présentation des politiques et des mesures de sécurité sanitaire, des responsabilités des services vétérinaires et du renforcement de l'investissement public.