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Inventing Pollution

Inventing Pollution PDF

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Author: Peter Thorsheim
Publisher: Ohio University Press
ISBN: 0821446274
Size: 54.28 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 320
View: 468

Book Description: Going as far back as the thirteenth century, Britons mined and burned coal. Britain’s supremacy in the nineteenth century depended in large part on its vast deposits of coal, which powered industry, warmed homes, and cooked food. As coal consumption skyrocketed, the air in Britain's cities and towns filled with ever-greater and denser clouds of smoke. Yet, for much of the nineteenth century, few people in Britain even considered coal smoke to be pollution. Inventing Pollution examines the radically new understanding of pollution that emerged in the late nineteenth century, one that centered not on organic decay but on coal combustion. This change, as Peter Thorsheim argues, gave birth to the smoke-abatement movement and to new ways of thinking about the relationships among humanity, technology, and the environment. Even as coal production in Britain has plummeted in recent decades, it has surged in other countries. This reissue of Thorsheim’s far-reaching study includes a new preface that reveals the book’s relevance to the contentious national and international debates—which aren’t going away anytime soon—around coal, air pollution more generally, and the grave threat of human-induced climate change.


Inventing Air Pollution

Inventing Air Pollution PDF

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Author: Peter Joseph Thorsheim
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 49.20 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Great Britain
Languages : en
Pages : 391
View: 5452

Book Description:


A Mighty Capital Under Threat

A Mighty Capital Under Threat PDF

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Author: Bill Luckin
Publisher: Pittsburgh Hist Urban Environ
ISBN: 9780822946106
Size: 36.69 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Architecture
Languages : en
Pages : 288
View: 5214

Book Description: Demographically, nineteenth-century London, or what Victorians called the "new Rome," first equaled, then superseded its ancient ancestor. By the mid-eighteenth century, the British capital had already developed into a global city. Sustained by its enormous empire, between 1800 and the First World War London ballooned in population and land area. Nothing so vast had previously existed anywhere. A Mighty Capital under Threat investigates the environmental history of one of the world's global cities and the largest city in the United Kingdom. Contributors cover the feeding of London, waste management, movement between the city's numerous districts, and the making and shaping of the environmental sciences in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.


Air Pollution

Air Pollution PDF

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Author: Jeremy Colls
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 0203871960
Size: 74.61 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Nature
Languages : en
Pages : 508
View: 166

Book Description: A one stop, comprehensive textbook, covering the three essential components of air pollution science. The Third Edition has been updated with the latest developments, especially the inclusion of new information on the role of air pollutants in climate change. The authors give greater coverage to the developing economies around the world where air pollution problems are on the rise. The Third Edition continues to cover a wide range of air quality issues, retaining a quantitative perspective. Topics covered include - gaseous and particulate air pollutants, measurement techniques, meteorology and dispersion modelling, mobile sources, indoor air, effects on plants, materials, humans and animals. Moving away from classical toxic air pollutants, there is a chapter on climate change and another on the depletion of stratospheric ozone. A special feature of this new edition is the inclusion of a fresh chapter on air pollution mitigation by vegetation, mainly its role in maintaining a sustainable urban environment. Recommended for upper-level undergraduate and postgraduate courses specialising in air pollution, both for environmental scientists and engineers. The new material included in the Third Edition extends its use by practitioners in consultancies or local authorities.


Kalkstein Als Kritischer Rohstoff

Kalkstein als   kritischer   Rohstoff PDF

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Author: Sebastian Haumann
Publisher: transcript Verlag
ISBN: 3839452406
Size: 42.49 MB
Format: PDF
Category : History
Languages : de
Pages : 362
View: 124

Book Description: Ohne Kalkstein keine Industrialisierung? Neben Kohle und Erzen war Kalkstein der wichtigste Rohstoff der Eisen- und Stahlindustrie im 19. Jahrhundert. Sebastian Haumanns Stoffgeschichte zeigt, wie die materiellen Eigenschaften des Gesteins in die Praktiken der Verhüttung und Stahlherstellung eingebunden waren, ohne diese Praktiken zu determinieren. Sie zeigt aber auch, wie Kalkstein zu einem »kritischen« Rohstoff wurde, der kaum zu ersetzen war und die Eisen- und Stahlindustrie vor große Herausforderungen stellte - nicht nur, weil er nicht beliebig verfügbar war, sondern auch, weil die Arbeit in den Steinbrüchen zu vielfältigen sozialen Konflikten führte.


Pr Vention Und Freiheit Zur Notwendigkeit Eines Ethik Diskurses

Pr  vention und Freiheit  Zur Notwendigkeit eines Ethik Diskurses PDF

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Author: Erich Marks
Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand
ISBN: 3942865718
Size: 27.86 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Philosophy
Languages : de
Pages : 508
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Book Description: Der 21. Deutsche Präventionstag fand am 6. und 7. Juni 2016 in Magdeburg unter der Schirmherrschaft des Ministerpräsidenten des Landes Sachsen-Anhalt, Dr. Reiner Haseloff, statt. Dieser Dokumentationsband, der wie in den Vorjahren als Printausgabe sowie als eBook im Forum Verlag Godesberg erscheint, enthält das wissenschaftliche Gutachten zum Schwerpunktthema, die ausführliche Kongressevaluation sowie insbesondere die Schriftfassungen jener Vorträge, die von den Kongressteilnehmenden in der Evaluation die höchsten Bewertungen erhalten haben. Weitere Dokumente zum Deutschen Präventionstag des Jahres 2016 finden sich auf der Internetseite des Kongresses (www.praeventionstag.de).


Grubengold

Grubengold PDF

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Author: Franz-Josef Brüggemeier
Publisher: C.H.Beck
ISBN: 3406719856
Size: 39.10 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : History
Languages : de
Pages : 456
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Book Description: „Dein Grubengold hat uns wieder hoch geholt“ – mit dieser Songzeile drückte Herbert Grönemeyer 1984 aus, wem das Ruhrgebiet seine Bedeutung als Industrierevier zu verdanken hatte: der Kohle. 2018 schließen die letzten Steinkohlenzechen in Deutschland. Aus diesem Anlass erzählt Franz-Josef Brüggemeier die Geschichte des Rohstoffs, der ein ganzes Zeitalter prägte. Lange stand die Kohle für Fortschritt und Wohlstand. Sie ermöglichte einen ungeahnten Produktivitätsschub und lieferte die Energie, um aus den vormodernen Produktionsweisen auszubrechen. Ohne die Kohle wäre die Industrielle Revolution nicht möglich gewesen. Mit ihrer Hilfe erreichten die europäischen Gesellschaften bis ins 20. Jahrhundert hinein ein zuvor ungeahntes Entwicklungsniveau. Doch hatte dieser kohlegetriebene Sprung in die Moderne auch seine dunklen Seiten: Die Kohle lieferte die Energie für zwei desaströse Weltkriege, und die Bedingungen ihres Abbaus unter Tage waren für die Gesundheit der Arbeiter verheerend. Schließlich läuteten die Umweltbelastungen durch die Steinkohleförderung den Anfang vom Ende des wichtigsten fossilen Energieträgers in der Geschichte der Menschheit ein. Anschaulich und prägnant verfolgt Franz-Josef Brüggemeier diese Entwicklungen und zeigt, wie das Grubengold den Weg Europas in die Moderne prägte.


Besch Digte Vegetation Und Sterbender Wald

Besch  digte Vegetation und sterbender Wald PDF

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Author: Martin Bemmann
Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht
ISBN: 3525317107
Size: 65.45 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : History
Languages : de
Pages : 540
View: 1131

Book Description: 72 544x376 Normal 0 21 false false false DE X-NONE X-NONE /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Normale Tabelle"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";} Anhand der Auseinandersetzung um immissionsbedingte Waldschäden in Deutschland zwischen 1893 und 1970 zeigt das Buch, wie sich die Ver- und Behandlung von Umweltphänomenen im Lauf der Zeit veränderten: Aus dem vorwiegend ökonomischen Problem des späten 19. Jahrhunderts wurde bis in die 1970er Jahre ein gesellschaftsrelevantes Umweltproblem, das wenig später als Waldsterben Bekanntheit erlangte. Martin Bemmann untersucht an fünf ausgewählten Debatten zwischen Kaiserreich und früher Bundesrepublik, wie und warum es zu diesem Wandel kam und stellt den Zusammenhang zu den tief greifenden sozioökonomischen, politischen und ideologischen Wandlungsprozessen der deutschen Gesellschaft her.


Deutschland In Gr N

Deutschland in Gr  n PDF

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Author: Frank Uekötter
Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht
ISBN: 3647300578
Size: 66.71 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : History
Languages : de
Pages : 294
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Book Description: Atomausstieg, erneuerbare Energie, mitgliederstarke Umweltverbände – die ökologischen Errungenschaften der Bundesrepublik sind international anerkannt. Weniger bekannt ist der gewundene Weg zum grünen Musterland. Dieses Buch verfolgt den langen Weg von Umweltbewegungen und Umweltpolitik vom späten 19. Jahrhundert bis in die Gegenwart und diskutiert Leistungen und Blindstellen im internationalen Zusammenhang. Im Mittelpunkt steht die Zeit seit 1970, in der sich Denk- und Bewegungsmuster grundlegend wandelten.


Automobility And The City In Twentieth Century Britain And Japan

Automobility and the City in Twentieth Century Britain and Japan PDF

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Author: Simon Gunn
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1350075957
Size: 55.85 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 272
View: 1953

Book Description: Automobility and the City in Twentieth-Century Britain and Japan is the first book to consider how mass motorization reshaped cities in Japan and Britain during the 20th century. Taking two leading 'motor cities', Nagoya and Birmingham, as their principal subjects, Simon Gunn and Susan C. Townsend show how cars changed the spatial form and individual experience of the modern city and reveal the similarities and differences between Japan and Britain in adapting to the 'motor age'. The book has three main themes: the place of automobility in post-war urban reconstruction; the emerging conflict between the promise of mobility and personal freedom offered by the car and its consequences for the urban environment (the M/E dilemma); and the extent to which the Anglo-Japanese comparison can throw light on fundamental differences in cultural understanding of the environment, urbanism and the self. The result is the first comparative history of mass automobility and its environmental consequences between East and West.


Poisonous Skies

Poisonous Skies PDF

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Author: Rachel Emma Rothschild
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 022663471X
Size: 16.74 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 344
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Book Description: The climate change reckoning looms. As scientists try to discern what the Earth’s changing weather patterns mean for our future, Rachel Rothschild seeks to understand the current scientific and political debates surrounding the environment through the history of another global environmental threat: acid rain. The identification of acid rain in the 1960s changed scientific and popular understanding of fossil fuel pollution’s potential to cause regional—and even global—environmental harms. It showed scientists that the problem of fossil fuel pollution was one that crossed borders—it could travel across vast stretches of the earth’s atmosphere to impact ecosystems around the world. This unprecedented transnational reach prompted governments, for the first time, to confront the need to cooperate on pollution policies, transforming environmental science and diplomacy. Studies of acid rain and other pollutants brought about a reimagining of how to investigate the natural world as a complete entity, and the responses of policy makers, scientists, and the public set the stage for how societies have approached other prominent environmental dangers on a global scale, most notably climate change. Grounded in archival research spanning eight countries and five languages, as well as interviews with leading scientists from both government and industry, Poisonous Skies is the first book to examine the history of acid rain in an international context. By delving deep into our environmental past, Rothschild hopes to inform its future, showing us how much is at stake for the natural world as well as what we risk—and have already risked—by not acting.


The Sky Of Our Manufacture

The Sky of Our Manufacture PDF

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Author: Jesse Oak Taylor
Publisher: University of Virginia Press
ISBN: 0813937949
Size: 56.65 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Literary Criticism
Languages : en
Pages : 272
View: 5334

Book Description: The smoke-laden fog of London is one of the most vivid elements in English literature, richly suggestive and blurring boundaries between nature and society in compelling ways. In The Sky of Our Manufacture, Jesse Oak Taylor uses the many depictions of the London fog in the late nineteenth- and early twentieth-century novel to explore the emergence of anthropogenic climate change. In the process, Taylor argues for the importance of fiction in understanding climatic shifts, environmental pollution, and ecological collapse. The London fog earned the portmanteau "smog" in 1905, a significant recognition of what was arguably the first instance of a climatic phenomenon manufactured by modern industry. Tracing the path to this awareness opens a critical vantage point on the Anthropocene, a new geologic age in which the transformation of humanity into a climate-changing force has not only altered our physical atmosphere but imbued it with new meanings. The book examines enduringly popular works--from the novels of Charles Dickens and George Eliot to Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, Dracula, and the Sherlock Holmes mysteries to works by Joseph Conrad and Virginia Woolf--alongside newspaper cartoons, scientific writings, and meteorological technologies to reveal a fascinating relationship between our cultural climate and the sky overhead. Under the Sign of Nature: Studies in Ecocriticism