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Learning And Physiological Regulation

Learning and Physiological Regulation PDF

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Author: Barry R. Dworkin
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226176000
Size: 52.59 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 215
View: 4419

Book Description: Since Pavlov, physiologists have explained homeostasis—the regulation of bodily functions—as the action of fixed negative feedback networks within individual organ systems. However, these standard explanations largely ignore the mechanisms of conditioning and learning. Drawing on the work of Western, East European, and Russian physiologists, Barry R. Dworkin challenges traditional concepts and argues that learning mechanisms of the nervous system are essential to regulation. Dworkin shows how, through experience, learning mechanisms determine dynamic stability and the long-term regulation of heart rate, blood pressure, glucose, electrolytes, and temperature. He argues that "hard wired" mechanisms do not adequately account for the speed and accuracy of physiological adjustments, and supports his contention with detailed analyses and mathematical models of how conditioned and unconditioned reflexes interact. Dworkin reviews a wealth of research on interoceptive conditioning, conditioned drug responses, and visceral adjustment. Combining physiological and behavioral data with mathematical analysis and computer models, he synthesizes the work of Pavlov and W. B. Cannon in a quantitative theory of physiological regulation that will interest researchers and theorists in medicine, physiology, neuroscience, and biopsychology.


Efferent Organization And The Integration Of Behavior

Efferent Organization and The Integration of Behavior PDF

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Author: Jack Maser
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0323153038
Size: 30.20 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 382
View: 1512

Book Description: Efferent Organization and the Integration of Behavior is a nine-chapter text that discusses the hypotheses and alternative conceptualizations of efferent mechanisms, as well as the neural basis of patterned movement. The opening chapters examine several behavioral categories, the neural mediation of movement, and the distinction between efferent response and efferent motor processes. These chapters also present a revised theory of the role of the motor system in physiological regulation and neural-metabolic integration in energy production for behavior. These topics are followed by considerable chapters devoted to efferent organization of specific brain sections, including the motor cortex, pyramidal system, globus pallidus, substantia nigra, diencephalon, hippocampus, and neocortex. This text also deals with the instrumental conditioning based on alimentary or food reinforcements. A chapter discusses the constraints on theoretical interpretations of neuroanatomical circuitry functions of noradrenergic and cholinergic brain systems. The concluding chapter describes the relationship between the motor integration systems of extrapyramidal structures and the motivational systems of limbic structures. This chapter also looks into the anatomical organization of self-stimulation and the microelectrode data, which delineate the response of single neurons to stimulation at hypothalamic self-stimulation sites.


Ethnic Science

Ethnic Science PDF

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Author: John H. Smith (social scientist.)
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 22.67 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Ethnic groups
Languages : en
Pages : 162
View: 3260

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Cybernetica

Cybernetica PDF

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Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 49.50 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Cybernetics
Languages : en
Pages :
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Research Grants Index

Research Grants Index PDF

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Author: National Institutes of Health (U.S.). Division of Research Grants
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 16.23 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Public health
Languages : en
Pages :
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Quest

Quest PDF

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Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 39.36 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Physical education and training
Languages : en
Pages :
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Psychology Of Motor Learning

Psychology of Motor Learning PDF

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Author: Leon Edward Smith
Publisher: Athletic Inst
ISBN:
Size: 42.75 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 376
View: 7069

Book Description: