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Spotlight On Standard American English And Standard British English

Spotlight on Standard American English and Standard British English PDF

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Author: Thomas Schachtebeck
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 3640804120
Size: 69.11 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 36
View: 3702

Book Description: Seminar paper from the year 2007 in the subject English - Grammar, Style, Working Technique, grade: 1,3, Free University of Berlin (Fachbereich Englisch), course: Sociolinguistics and Varieties of English II, language: English, abstract: Throughout the 20th century, Standard British English (hereafter BrE) and Standard American English (hereafter AmE) made up the two 'reference varieties' of the English language. Even today - in the 21st century - BrE and AmE represent "a large proportion of all native speakers of English (83 per cent)" [Svartvik & Leech 2006: 150] in the world. The reason why these two varieties have aquired such a prestigious position among many other varieties of English is that in Great Britain and in the United States - two of the most influential nations of the 20th century in terms of political power and economical strength - "English has been institutionalised longer than anywhere else" [Cheshire 1991: 13]. Consequently, BrE and AmE "provided the chief native-speaker models which non-native speaking teachers of English" [Svartvik & Leech 2006: 150] aim to instil. Although both 'reference varieties' of English seem to be very much the same at first sight, "British and American English undoubtedly are different, and Englishmen and Americans undoubtedly know it." [Partridge & Clark 1951: 308]. Closer investigations reveal that AmE is different from BrE at levels of phonetics, phonology, grammar, lexis and spelling. Whereas the fields of pronunciation and lexis definitely share the most prominent and numerous differences between AmE and BrE, the field of spelling shows only a couple of minor differences. Today, the vast majority of English lexis is spelled the same in AmE and BrE. However - to a certain extent - there are some characteristic spelling differences between AmE and BrE which many learners of English are not well familiar with. In the following, this paper concentrates on pointing out the major differences in spelling between con


World English Es And The Multilingual Turn

World English es  and the Multilingual Turn PDF

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Author: Annalisa Bonomo
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
ISBN: 1443869384
Size: 24.57 MB
Format: PDF
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 135
View: 1615

Book Description: The recent multilingual turn involves various different implicit and explicit language policies, urging pressure and resistance with regard to the spread of English and its dominant relationships with other national languages. As such, this book considers the social value of communication as the basis of multilingualism and of the evolution of language systems. The data presented here show English as being in the middle of the double “listening” of cultural mediation and the imperfect “magnifying” glass of translation, with worldwide Standard English being but one of the many other related varieties which enjoy prestige on a large scale. These varieties may be identified according to different features which make the plural “world Englishes” an umbrella term with blurred edges. New approaches to dialects study have been developed in recent decades, and cartographic mapping has overlapped with the emergence of a new dialectology which deals with the description of language phenomena as complex concepts, where “complexity” provides a challenging framework for investigation and research of languages as dynamic systems made up of variables which mutually influence each other. Thus, dialectometry, dialectology and standardization become interesting tools for measuring linguistic differences, establishing language typologies and endorsing the systemic characteristics which can be formalized. Comprehensive and well-informed, this volume will appeal to anyone interested in the spread of English, from researchers and teachers to students, providing them with a greater understanding of some examples of world Englishes analysed under the light of complexity as a product of global society.


Spotlight On General Music

Spotlight on General Music PDF

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Author: MENC, the National Association for Music Education (U.S.)
Publisher: R & L Education
ISBN:
Size: 25.34 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Education
Languages : en
Pages : 205
View: 229

Book Description: General music teachers at all levels—elementary, middle school, and high school—will find ideas, suggestions, and lesson plans for teaching to the National Standards in this publication. Includes sections on teaching each of the nine standards, as well as chapters about general music, assessment, and alternative strategies such as Orff and Kodály. Article topics include singing, composition, improvisation, and guitar.


Twentieth Century English

Twentieth Century English PDF

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Author: Christian Mair
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139459627
Size: 47.89 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages :
View: 448

Book Description: Standard English has evolved and developed in many ways over the past hundred years. From pronunciation to vocabulary to grammar, this concise survey clearly documents the recent history of Standard English. Drawing on large amounts of authentic corpus data, it shows how we can track ongoing changes to the language, and demonstrates each of the major developments that have taken place. As well as taking insights from a vast body of literature, Christian Mair presents the results of his own cutting-edge research, revealing some important changes which have not been previously documented. He concludes by exploring how social and cultural factors, such as the American influence on British English, have affected Standard English in recent times. Authoritative, informative and engaging, this book will be essential reading for anyone interested in language change in progress, particularly those working on English, and will be welcomed by students, researchers and language teachers alike.


Variations In The Phonologies Of Different English Varieties

Variations in the Phonologies of Different English Varieties PDF

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Author: Christiane Iden
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 3656288291
Size: 46.14 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Literary Collections
Languages : en
Pages : 11
View: 840

Book Description: Seminar paper from the year 2011 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Linguistics, grade: 1,7, Free University of Berlin (Englische Philologie), language: English, abstract: The following essay will deal with pronunciation differences of varieties and will therefore regard different English accents and the phonology of those. In a nutshell, phonology deals with the “study of the selection and patterns of sounds in a single language” (Collins & Mees 2006:7). Since the term `accent ́ symbolizes the pronunciation and the term `phonology ́ stands for different sound patterns, it is not difficult to see the close link between both terms. More detailed information on phonology will be provided in the following. In order to categorize an English language further, one might also point out that several variations exist within the different varieties. These can, for instance, be of a social or regional nature and can occur between different varieties or within them (Collins & Mees 2006:2). Concerning the latter, the speakers do, nevertheless, have mutual core features by which they can be classified as a group of speakers. “An accent, in phonological terms, is an idealized system which speakers of that variety share” (McMahon 2002:93). This idealized version is perceived as the standard version. This also helps to produce a categorization of types of differences between accents (McMahon 2002:93). In the following it will be argued that the phonology of English varieties can differ in four ways. Firstly, to create a basic understanding, the essay will shortly deal with the terminology around phonology. Then the possible general phonological differences between varieties will be explained. Subsequently, the essay will spotlight the differences in the phonology of the North American Standard English in comparison to the British Standard English. Lastly, a short conclusion will be given.


Children S Books Brain Development And Language Acquisition

Children s books  brain development  and language acquisition PDF

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Author: Ralf Thiede
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351113976
Size: 46.66 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 240
View: 3008

Book Description: This book correlates English-speaking children’s brain development and acquisition of language with the linguistic input that comes from children’s books. Drawing from the most current research on the developing brain, the author demonstrates how language acquisition is exclusively interactive, and highlights the benefit that accrues when that interaction includes the exploratory language play found in early childhood literature. Through discussions of specific domains of grammar, the relation of these domains to children’s literature through scaffolding, and the resultant linguistic and cognitive advantages for the child, this volume offers an innovative approach to early brain maturation.


Spotlight On South Africa

Spotlight on South Africa PDF

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Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 69.78 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : South Africa
Languages : en
Pages :
View: 4658

Book Description:


Billboard

Billboard PDF

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Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 48.99 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 56
View: 5586

Book Description: In its 114th year, Billboard remains the world's premier weekly music publication and a diverse digital, events, brand, content and data licensing platform. Billboard publishes the most trusted charts and offers unrivaled reporting about the latest music, video, gaming, media, digital and mobile entertainment issues and trends.


The English Catalogue Of Books Annual

The English Catalogue of Books  annual   PDF

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Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 11.25 MB
Format: PDF
Category : English literature
Languages : en
Pages :
View: 5954

Book Description: Vols. for 1898-1968 include a directory of publishers.