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Strategic Nonviolent Conflict

Strategic Nonviolent Conflict PDF

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Author: Peter Ackerman
Publisher: Greenwood
ISBN: 9780275939168
Size: 79.24 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Political Science
Languages : un
Pages : 366
View: 6503

Book Description: Nonviolent action, well planned and implemented, is shown in this lucid, timely, and compelling work to effect dramatic outcomes against opponents utilizing violence. Ackerman and Kruegler recognize that not all nonviolent efforts meet with success, and they are careful to stress that a nonviolent approach involves great risks as well as opportunities. It is the effectiveness of the strategies employed which will determine whether or not those using nonviolent means can prevail against opponents who rely on violence in pursuit of objectives. Twelve strategic principles are established in this book which serve as a conceptual foundation to enhance the prospects of success in nonviolent campaigns. The authors also develop six twentieth-century examples of nonviolent action from the early Russian Revolution of 1904-1906 through the Solidarity movement in 1980-1981. Each campaign narrative constitutes a fascinating reading experience and illustrates common themes, strategies, and important aspects of behavior on the part of major participants in nonviolent encounters. This is a singularly important book. It offers more than a mere plea for nonviolence. Ackerman and Kruegler introduce their work by noting the surprising extent to which nonviolent sanctions are currently employed to pressure adversaries in the international political arena. They go onto provide hard lessons based on important, and often painful, historical efforts; principles to govern the choice and implementation of strategies when nonviolent action is the determined response; and insightful analysis to guide assessment and policy. A work which will focus analysis, inform decision-making, stimulate policy consideration, and invigorate research, this volume will well serve professionals and students in international relations and numerous related fields.


On Strategic Nonviolent Conflict

On Strategic Nonviolent Conflict PDF

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Author: Robert L. Helvey
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781880813140
Size: 38.98 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Government, Resistance to
Languages : un
Pages : 178
View: 4819

Book Description: On Strategic Nonviolent Conflict delves into the question of how to build a strategy for nonviolent struggle. Covering a variety of topics--such as ways to identify a movement's objectives, preparing a strategic estimate for a nonviolent struggle, and operational planning considerations--this publication contains insights on the similarities between military and nonviolent strategy. It represents a major new contribution to this field of study. Additional topics covered in the book include psychological operations and propaganda, contaminants that may affect the efficiency of a nonviolent movement, and providing consultations and training for members of movements and organizations.


Strategic Nonviolent Conflict

Strategic Nonviolent Conflict PDF

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Author: John T. Crist
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 60.37 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Government, Resistance to
Languages : un
Pages : 11
View: 2636

Book Description:


Strategic Nonviolent Power

Strategic Nonviolent Power PDF

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Author: Mark A. Mattaini
Publisher: Athabasca University Press
ISBN: 1927356415
Size: 58.75 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Social Science
Languages : un
Pages : 328
View: 2600

Book Description: History indicates that there are powerful routes to liberation from oppression that do not involve violence. Mohandas Gandhi called for a science of nonviolent action, one based on satyagraha, or the “insistence on truth.” As Gandhi understood, nonviolent resistance is not passive, nor is it weak; rather, such action is an exercise of power. Despite the success of Gandhi’s “Quit India” movement, the resources dedicated to the application of rigorous science to nonviolent struggle have been vanishingly small. By contrast, almost unimaginable levels of financial and human resources have been devoted to the science and technologies of killing, war, and collective violence. Mark Mattaini reviews the history and theory of nonviolent struggles against oppression and discusses recent research that indicates the substantial need for and advantage of nonviolent alternatives. He then offers a detailed exploration of principles of behavioral systems science that appear to underlie effective strategic civil resistance and “people power.” Strategic Nonviolent Power proposes that the route to what Gandhi described as the “undreamt of and seemingly impossible discoveries” of nonviolent resistance is the application of rigorous science. Although not a simple science, Mattaini’s application of ecological science grounded in the science of behaviour brings exceptional power to the struggle for justice and liberation. At a time when civil resistance is actively reshaping global political realities, the science of nonviolent struggle deserves the attention of the scientific, activist, strategic, military, spiritual, and diplomatic communities, as well as the informed public.


Why Civil Resistance Works

Why Civil Resistance Works PDF

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Author: Erica Chenoweth
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231156839
Size: 42.66 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Philosophy
Languages : un
Pages : 296
View: 5834

Book Description: For more than a century, from 1900 to 2006, campaigns of nonviolent resistance were more than twice as effective as their violent counterparts in achieving their stated goals. By attracting impressive support from citizens, whose activism takes the form of protests, boycotts, civil disobedience, and other forms of nonviolent noncooperation, these efforts help separate regimes from their main sources of power and produce remarkable results, even in Iran, Burma, the Philippines, and the Palestinian Territories. Combining statistical analysis with case studies of specific countries and territories, Erica Chenoweth and Maria J. Stephan detail the factors enabling such campaigns to succeed and, sometimes, causing them to fail. They find that nonviolent resistance presents fewer obstacles to moral and physical involvement and commitment, and that higher levels of participation contribute to enhanced resilience, greater opportunities for tactical innovation and civic disruption (and therefore less incentive for a regime to maintain its status quo), and shifts in loyalty among opponents' erstwhile supporters, including members of the military establishment. Chenoweth and Stephan conclude that successful nonviolent resistance ushers in more durable and internally peaceful democracies, which are less likely to regress into civil war. Presenting a rich, evidentiary argument, they originally and systematically compare violent and nonviolent outcomes in different historical periods and geographical contexts, debunking the myth that violence occurs because of structural and environmental factors and that it is necessary to achieve certain political goals. Instead, the authors discover, violent insurgency is rarely justifiable on strategic grounds.


Die Macht Der Gewaltlosigkeit

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Author: Richard B. Gregg
Publisher:
ISBN: 9783873481114
Size: 32.64 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category :
Languages : de
Pages : 168
View: 6264

Book Description:


Preventing Mass Atrocities

Preventing Mass Atrocities PDF

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Author: Hardy Merriman
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781943271177
Size: 41.34 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category :
Languages : un
Pages : 66
View: 2801

Book Description: Events of the last decade demand new approaches to atrocity prevention that are adaptable, innovative and independent of a state-centered doctrine. With the aim of reducing risk factors such as civil war, Ackerman and Merriman argue for a new normative framework called The Right to Assist (RtoA), which would strengthen international coordination and support for nonviolent civil resistance campaigns demanding rights, freedom and justice against non-democratic rule. RtoA would: 1. engage a wide range of stakeholders such as NGOs, states, multilateral institutions and others; 2. bolster various factors of resilience against state fragility; and 3. incentivize opposition groups to sustain commitment to nonviolent strategies of change. The adoption of this doctrine can reduce the probability of violent conflict that significantly heightens atrocity risk, while increasing the prospects for constructive human development.


Crafting A Global Just Peacebuilding Ethic From Just War Theory And Strategic Nonviolent Conflict

Crafting a Global Just Peacebuilding Ethic from Just War Theory and Strategic Nonviolent Conflict PDF

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Author: James Bradley Burke
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781109988796
Size: 25.69 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Just war doctrine
Languages : un
Pages : 224
View: 1106

Book Description: Christian ethics' conflation of nonviolence with pacifism makes late twentieth century attempts to integrate nonviolence into Roman Catholic ethics incoherent. This dissertation proposes a corrective to this conflation: To become the critical component of a public Roman Catholic global just peacebuilding ethic, nonviolence must be understood as distinct from pacifism, as integral to as well as transformative of just-war tradition, and as unifying just war theory and pacifism coherently within Catholic social teaching. The author argues this thesis in four steps. One, Reinhold Niebuhr forged theological ethics' conflation of nonviolence with pacifism through his Christian realist polemics against fellow liberal Protestant Christian pacifists in the 1930s. That conflation migrated into Catholic ethics in the 1950s by way of Protestant ethicist Paul Ramsey and Jesuit John Courtney Murray's shared aim of reclaiming just war theory for the nuclear age. Since 1950, political scientist Gene Sharp's research into nonviolence flatly contradicts Christian ethics' conflation of nonviolence with pacifism. Two, the U.S. Catholic bishops' peace pastoral (1983) and tenth anniversary statement compound the inherited conflation and fail to differentiate nonviolence from pacifism even after witnessing the 1989 nonviolent revolutions. Three, Paul VI and John Paul II's annual World Day of Peace messages (1968-2005) introduce nonviolence into Catholic social teaching but do not conflate nor attempt to integrate nonviolence into just-war tradition. Four, using Sharp's theory of political power to differentiate nonviolence as force from pacifism, the author claims Christian ethics must evaluate strategic nonviolent conflict force with just-war criteria. Then, Christian ethics can begin to craft a coherent global just peacebuilding ethic from within a renewing just-war tradition.


Wann Wenn Nicht Wir

Wann wenn nicht wir  PDF

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Author: Extinction Rebellion
Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag
ISBN: 3104912211
Size: 37.66 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Political Science
Languages : de
Pages : 256
View: 187

Book Description: Es ist Zeit! Jetzt oder nie gilt es, radikal zu werden. Erheben wir uns. Rebellieren wir! Dieses Buch enthält alles dafür Nötige. Extinction Rebellion (XR) ist eine Bewegung, die in England entstanden ist. Im April 2019 legte sie London mehrere Tage lahm, gab der Innenstadt mit Straßen- und Brückenblockaden ihr eigenes Tempo und ihre eigenen Farben - das Pink der Rebellion. Ziel ist es, mit Mitteln des gewaltfreien zivilen Ungehorsams auf die existentielle Krise - das sich rasant ausbreitende Artensterben, was auch uns Menschen erfasst - aufmerksam zu machen und einen Systemwandel herbeizuführen. Das Buch versammelt Fakten über bereits sichtbare Folgen der Klimakrise und ruft zum Handeln auf. Für alle nachvollziehbar, konkret und undogmatisch erklärt es, wie sich das Rebellieren organisieren lässt: Von der gewaltfreien Kommunikation über das Errichten von Straßenblockaden und die Vorbereitung anderer Protestaktionen bis hin zum Kochrezept für mehrere hundert Menschen. Die XR-Aktivisten Sina Kamala Kaufmann, Annemarie Botzki und Michael Timmermann ordnen XR in den deutschen Kontext ein und ergänzen das Buch um wichtige und konkrete Informationen für das Rebellieren in Deutschland. Jeder kann Teil der Bewegung werden – und zusammen können wir Geschichte schreiben. Dies ist erst der Anfang! Ab dem 7. Oktober beginnt die Rebellionswelle! Unter dem Motto „Rebell without borders“ wird in Berlin, London, New York und Paris der Alltag unterbrochen. Extinction Rebellion (XR), Greta Thunberg, Fridays for Future u.a. rufen auf zum Generalstreik gegen die zögerliche Klimapolitik: • 20.9.2019 deutschlandweit • 27.9.2019 weltweit, Earth Strike