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The Sciences In Enlightened Europe

The Sciences in Enlightened Europe PDF

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Author: William Clark
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226109404
Size: 32.37 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 566
View: 7507

Book Description: Radically reorienting our understanding of the Enlightenment, this book explores the complex relations between "englightened" values and the making of scientific knowledge. Here monsters and automata, barometers and botanical gardens, polite academics and boisterous clubs, plans for violent wars and for universal peace, are all relocated in the landscape of enlightened Europe. The contributors show how changing forms of discipline, machinery, and instrumentation affected the emergence of new kinds of knowledge; consider how institutions of public rate taste and conversation helped provide a common frame for the study of human and nonhuman natures; and explore the regional operations of scientific culture at the geographical fringes of Europe. Covering a wide range of scientific disciplines, both in the principal European countries and in areas peripheral to Europe, the book also includes ample illustrations and an extensive bibliography. Implicated in the rise of both fascism and liberal secularism, the moral and political values that shaped the Enlightenment remain controversial today. Through careful scrutiny of how these values influenced and were influenced by the concrete practices of its sciences, this book gives us an entirely new sense of the Enlightenment. -- from back cover.


Spinoza And The Sciences

Spinoza and the Sciences PDF

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Author: Nails Grene
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789027719768
Size: 46.77 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 336
View: 950

Book Description: Prefatory Explanation It must be remarked at once that I am 'editor' of this volume only in that I had the honor of presiding at the symposium on Spinoza and the Sciences at which a number of these papers were presented (exceptions are those by Hans Jonas, Richard Popkin, Joe VanZandt and our four European contributors), in that I have given some editorial advice on details of some of the papers, including translations, and finally, in that my name appears on the cover. The choice of speakers, and of addi tional contributors, is entirely due to Robert Cohen and Debra Nails; and nearly all the burden of readying the manuscript for the press has been borne by the latter. In the introduction to another anthology on Spinoza I opened my remarks by quoting a statement of Sir Stuart Hampshire about inter pretations of Spinoza's chief work: All these masks have been fitted on him and each of them does to some extent fit. But they remain masks, not the living face. They do not show the moving tensions and unresolved conflicts in Spinoza's Ethics. (Hampshire, 1973, p. 297) The double theme of 'moving tensions' and 'unresolved conflicts' seems even more appropriate to the present volume. What is Spinoza's rela tion to the sciences? The answers are many, and they criss-cross one another in a number of complicated ways.


Science And Civilisation In China Volume 3 Mathematics And The Sciences Of The Heavens And The Earth

Science and Civilisation in China  Volume 3  Mathematics and the Sciences of the Heavens and the Earth PDF

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Author: Joseph Needham
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521058018
Size: 75.40 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 877
View: 513

Book Description: After two volumes mainly introductory, Dr Needham now embarks upon his systematic study of the development of the natural sciences in China. The Sciences of the Earth follow: geography and cartography, geology, seismology and mineralogy. Dr Needham distinguishes parallel traditions of scientific cartography and religious cosmography in East and West, discussing orbocentric wheel-maps, the origins of the rectangular grid system, sailing charts and relief maps, Chinese survey methods, and the impact of Renaissance cartography on the East. Finally-and here Dr Needham's work has no Western predecessors-there are full accounts of the Chinese contribution to geology and mineralogy.


Orr S Circle Of The Sciences

Orr s Circle of the Sciences PDF

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Author: William Somerville Orr
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 49.69 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Ethnology
Languages : en
Pages :
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Book Description:


The Circle Of The Sciences

The Circle of the Sciences PDF

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Author: James Wylde
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 52.21 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages :
View: 4533

Book Description:


Roger Bacon And The Sciences

Roger Bacon and the Sciences PDF

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Author: Jeremiah Hackett
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9789004100152
Size: 73.12 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 439
View: 375

Book Description: A major updating of scholarship on the philosophy and thought of Roger Bacon. In particular, it treats his philosophy of language, science and mathematics, moral philosophy, medicine, physics and metaphysics, and his history and sociology of religion.


Romanticism And The Sciences

Romanticism and the Sciences PDF

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Author: Andrew Cunningham
Publisher: CUP Archive
ISBN: 9780521356855
Size: 46.21 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Literary Criticism
Languages : en
Pages : 345
View: 999

Book Description: This book presents a series of essays which focus on the role of Romantic philosophy and ideology in the sciences.


The Sciences Of The Artificial

The Sciences of the Artificial PDF

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Author: Herbert Alexander Simon
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 11.77 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 123
View: 1058

Book Description: Continuing his exploration of the organization of complexity and the science of design, this new edition of Herbert Simon's classic work on artificial intelligence adds a chapter that sorts out the current themes and tools -- chaos, adaptive systems, genetic algorithms -- for analyzing complexity and complex systems. There are updates throughout the book as well. These take into account important advances in cognitive psychology and the science of design while confirming and extending the book's basic thesis: that a physical symbol system has the necessary and sufficient means for intelligent action. The chapter "Economic Reality" has also been revised to reflect a change in emphasis in Simon's thinking about the respective roles of organizations and markets in economic systems.


The Sciences Of The Artificial

The Sciences of the Artificial PDF

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Author: Herbert A. Simon
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262537532
Size: 29.43 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 256
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Book Description: Herbert Simon's classic work on artificial intelligence in the expanded and updated third edition from 1996, with a new introduction by John E. Laird. Herbert Simon's classic and influential The Sciences of the Artificial declares definitively that there can be a science not only of natural phenomena but also of what is artificial. Exploring the commonalities of artificial systems, including economic systems, the business firm, artificial intelligence, complex engineering projects, and social plans, Simon argues that designed systems are a valid field of study, and he proposes a science of design. For this third edition, originally published in 1996, Simon added new material that takes into account advances in cognitive psychology and the science of design while confirming and extending the book's basic thesis: that a physical symbol system has the necessary and sufficient means for intelligent action. Simon won the Nobel Prize for Economics in 1978 for his research into the decision-making process within economic organizations and the Turing Award (considered by some the computer science equivalent to the Nobel) with Allen Newell in 1975 for contributions to artificial intelligence, the psychology of human cognition, and list processing. The Sciences of the Artificial distills the essence of Simon's thought accessibly and coherently. This reissue of the third edition makes a pioneering work available to a new audience.