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The American Journalist In The 1990s

The American Journalist in the 1990s PDF

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Author: David Hugh Weaver
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9780805821369
Size: 58.78 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 299
View: 630

Book Description: This book presents findings from the most comprehensive and representative study ever done of the demographic and educational backgrounds, working conditions, and professional and ethical values of U.S. print and broadcast journalists working in the 1990s, including separate analyses for women and minority news people. It compares many of these findings with those from the major studies of the early 1970s and 1980s. As such, it should be the standard reference on U.S. journalists for years to come.


The American Journalist In The 21st Century

The American Journalist in the 21st Century PDF

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Author: David H. Weaver
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135250820
Size: 74.62 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 304
View: 4500

Book Description: An authoritative and detailed illustration of the state of journalistic practice in the United States today, The American Journalist in the 21st Century sheds light on the demographic and educational backgrounds, working conditions, and professional and ethical values of print, broadcast, and Internet journalists at the beginning of the 21st century. Providing results from telephone surveys of nearly 1,500 U.S. journalists working in a variety of media outlets, this volume updates the findings published in the earlier report, The American Journalist in the 1990s, and reflects the continued evolution of journalistic practice and professionalism. The scope of material included here is extensive and inclusive, representing numerous facets of journalistic practice and professionalism, and featuring separate analyses for women, minority, and online journalists. Many findings are set in context and compared with previous major studies of U.S. journalists conducted in the 1970s, 80s, and 90s. Serving as a detailed snapshot of current journalistic practice, The American Journalist in the 21st Century offers an intriguing and enlightening profile of professional journalists today, and it will be of great interest and value to working journalists, journalism educators, media managers, journalism students, and others seeking insights into the current state of the journalism profession.


Estimating Equilibrium Exchange Rates

Estimating Equilibrium Exchange Rates PDF

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Author: John Williamson
Publisher: Peterson Institute
ISBN: 9780881320763
Size: 11.92 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 300
View: 2059

Book Description: The problems of exchange rate misalignments and the resulting payments imbalances have plagued the world economy for decades. At the Louvre Accord of 1987, the Group of Five industrial countries adopted a system of reference ranges for exchange rate management, influenced by proposals of C. Fred Bergstan and John Williamson for a target zone system. The reference range approach has, however, been operated only intermittently and half-heartedly, and questions continue to be raised in policy and scholarly circles about the design and operation of a full-fledged target zone regime. This volume, with chapters by leading international economists, explores one crucial issue in the design of a target zone system: the problem of calculating Williamson's concept of the fundamental equilibrium exchange rate (FEER). Williamson contributes an overview of the policy and analytic issues and a second chapter on his own calculations.


History Of The Mass Media In The United States

History of the Mass Media in the United States PDF

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Author: Margaret A. Blanchard
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135917493
Size: 32.46 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 784
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Book Description: First Published in 1999. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.


Time Change And The American Newspaper

Time  Change  and the American Newspaper PDF

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Author: George Sylvie
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135658080
Size: 38.66 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 232
View: 5784

Book Description: Time, Change, and the American Newspaper focuses on newspapers as organizations, examining the role of change in the newspaper industry and providing a model from which to view and respond to change. Authors George Sylvie and Patricia D. Witherspoon discuss environmental and organizational influences on contemporary newspapers, and they analyze newspapers within the larger context of all organizations. This more general perspective provides insights into the nature of change, the change process, the rationale for organizational changes, resistance to such changes, and initiation and implementation strategies. In its examination of change, this volume explores the causes of newspaper change, how newspaper change takes shape, and when change does not work. This consideration sets the stage for detailed case studies examining the roles of new technology, product, and people as change agents in newspapers. The discussion concludes with the impact of change--or lack of it--on the contemporary newspaper industry and the subsequent impact of newspaper change on society. Sylvie and Witherspoon propose future directions of change and of newspaper decision-making processes pertaining to change, and they offer suggestions for changes in newspaper structures and thought processes. Providing a sound, theoretically-based approach to the topic of change and American newspapers, this volume is essential reading for educators and students in journalism, media/newsroom management, media economics, organizational behavior/communication, and related areas. It also provides a wealth of insights and practical knowledge for newspaper publishers, editors, and practicing journalists.


Alternative And Mainstream Media

Alternative and Mainstream Media PDF

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Author: Linda Jean Kenix
Publisher: A&C Black
ISBN: 1849665419
Size: 43.58 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 224
View: 3821

Book Description: Historically, alternative media have been viewed as fundamental, albeit at times culturally peripheral, forces in social change. In this book, however, Kenix argues that these media do not uniformly subvert the hierarchies of access that are so central to mainstream media - in fact, their journalistic norms and routines have always been based on the professional standards of the mainstream. Kenix goes on to posit the perception of 'mainstream' and 'alternative' as a misconception. She argues that, although alternative media can - and do - construct distinct alternative communications, they have always existed on the same continuum as the mainstream and the two will continue to converge. Through comparative analysis, this book argues that many alternative and mainstream media are merging to create a continuous spectrum rooted in commercial ideology. Indeed, much of what is now considered alternative media actually draws very little from principles of the independent press, whereas many contemporary mainstream media now use communication techniques more commonly associated with media that do not operate for financial gain. This book puts forward a controversial but convincing argument around the relationship between alternative and mainstream media, drawing on examples from the UK, US, Australia and New Zealand to strengthen and develop the central premise.


From Watergate To Monicagate

From Watergate to Monicagate PDF

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Author: Herbert N. Foerstel
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
ISBN: 9780313311635
Size: 47.85 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 279
View: 4305

Book Description: Identifies the most controversial issues facing the media profession today, including the monopolistic control of the media by conglomerates, tabloid journalism, paparazzi, plagiarism, and Internet censorship.


Just The Facts

Just the Facts PDF

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Author: David T.Z. Mindich
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 0814764150
Size: 53.98 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 200
View: 1946

Book Description: If American journalism were a religion, as it has been called, then its supreme deity would be "objectivity." The high priests of the profession worship the concept, while the iconoclasts of advocacy journalism, new journalism, and cyberjournalism consider objectivity a golden calf. Meanwhile, a groundswell of tabloids and talk shows and the increasing infringement of market concerns make a renewed discussion of the validity, possibility, and aim of objectivity a crucial pursuit. Despite its position as the orbital sun of journalistic ethics, objectivity—until now—has had no historian. David T. Z. Mindich reaches back to the nineteenth century to recover the lost history and meaning of this central tenet of American journalism. His book draws on high profile cases, showing the degree to which journalism and its evolving commitment to objectivity altered–and in some cases limited—the public's understanding of events and issues. Mindich devotes each chapter to a particular component of this ethic–detachment, nonpartisanship, the inverted pyramid style, facticity, and balance. Through this combination of history and cultural criticism, Mindich provides a profound meditation on the structure, promise, and limits of objectivity in the age of cybermedia.


Routledge International Encyclopedia Of Women

Routledge International Encyclopedia of Women PDF

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Author: Cheris Kramarae
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135963150
Size: 23.73 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Reference
Languages : en
Pages : 2050
View: 4289

Book Description: For a full list of entries and contributors, sample entries, and more, visit the Routledge International Encyclopedia of Women website. Featuring comprehensive global coverage of women's issues and concerns, from violence and sexuality to feminist theory, the Routledge International Encyclopedia of Women brings the field into the new millennium. In over 900 signed A-Z entries from US and Europe, Asia, the Americas, Oceania, and the Middle East, the women who pioneered the field from its inception collaborate with the new scholars who are shaping the future of women's studies to create the new standard work for anyone who needs information on women-related subjects.


Media Effects

Media Effects PDF

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Author: W. James Potter
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 1452289751
Size: 51.11 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 400
View: 3642

Book Description: Media Effects provides students with an in-depth understanding of how the media are constantly influencing individuals and society. W. James Potter guides readers through the extensive body of research on the effects of the mass media by organizing the book around two Media Effects Templates. The first template helps organize thinking about media influences on individuals, and the second focuses on media influences on larger social structures and institutions. Throughout the book, Potter encourages students to analyze their own experiences tby searching for evidence of these effects in their own lives, making the content meaningful.